How many colonies did Britain have in Australia?
Other smaller settlements were formed throughout Australia. By the late 1800s they had all been organized into six separate colonies. In 1901 the colonies became states when they joined together to form a federation of Australia.
Were there British colonies in Australia?
The rise of the British empire in Australia He landed in Australia in 1770 and claimed it as a British territory. The process of colonisation began in 1788. A fleet of 11 ships, containing 736 convicts, some British troops and a governor set up the first colony of New South Wales.
How many colonies formed Australia?
Because each State began as a separate British Colony. In 1901 the six Colonies formed a Federation of six States – the Commonwealth of Australia.
What was Australia called before it was colonized by the British in 1788?
New South Wales
Australia, once known as New South Wales, was originally planned as a penal colony. In October 1786, the British government appointed Arthur Phillip captain of the HMS Sirius, and commissioned him to establish an agricultural work camp there for British convicts.
When was Australia first colonized?
In 1788, Captain Arthur Phillip and 1,500 convicts, crew, marines and civilians arrived at what is now called Sydney Cove. In the 10 years that followed, it’s estimated that the First Nations population was reduced by 90%.
Why did the British Colonise Australia?
The reasons that led the British to invade Australia were simple. The prisons in Britain had become unbearably overcrowded, a situation worsened by the refusal of America to take any more convicts after the American War of Independence in 1783.
When did Australia become a British colony?
British settlement of Australia began as a penal colony governed by a captain of the Royal Navy. Until the 1850s, when local forces began to be recruited, British regular troops garrisoned the colonies with little local assistance.
How many colonies were there before 1901?
6 British colonies
Australia became a nation on 1 January 1901 when 6 British colonies—New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania—united to form the Commonwealth of Australia. This process is known as Federation.
Why did Britain Colonise Australia?
The new colony was intended to alleviate overcrowding in British prisons, expand the British Empire, assert Britain’s claim to the territory against other colonial powers, and establish a British base in the global South.
What was the first British colony?
The first English colonies were formed in North America – in 1585, Sir Walter Raleigh organised a small settlement at Roanoke in Virginia, but it failed and in 1607, the Virginia Company founded a permanent colony at Jamestown in Virginia.
How long was Australia under British rule?
Colonial period, 1788–1901.