What are examples of psychostimulant?
Psychostimulants,1 broadly construed, include drugs of abuse, such as cocaine and methamphetamine, as well as therapeutic drugs such as mixed amphetamine salts (Benzedrine, Adderall, Vyvanse), methylphenidate (Ritalin, Concerta, Focalin), and modafinil (Provigil, Sparlon2).
What are psychomotor stimulants used to treat?
Psychomotor stimulants are drugs that act on the central nervous system (CNS) to increase alertness, elevate mood, and produce a sense of well-being. These drugs also decrease appetite and the need for sleep. Stimulants can enhance stamina and improve performance in tasks that have been impaired by fatigue or boredom.
What is psychostimulant drug?
A “psychostimulant” can be defined as a psychotropic substance with the capacity to stimulate the central nervous system. It causes excitation and elevated mood, as well as increased alertness and arousal. Its global effect is to speed up signals into the brain.
What is the treatment for stimulant use disorder?
Behavioral therapy is the most effective treatment for stimulant use disorder. One such method, contingency management, gives patients tangible rewards for positive behaviors, aiding their efforts to stop using stimulants.
Is caffeine a psychostimulant?
Caffeine is a unique psychostimulant endowed with the capacity to significantly potentiate the effects of prototypical psychostimulants and all other drugs of abuse.
Is Ritalin a psychostimulant?
Ritalin is the immediate-release form of methylphenidate, whereas Concerta is the extended-release form of the drug. Methylphenidate is classified as a central nervous system stimulant or psychostimulant medication. It is a Schedule II controlled substance.
How do psychomotor stimulants affect the brain?
Mechanism of Action. These drugs achieve their beneficial effects by increasing the levels of dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine in the brain. Dopamine, one of the most important neurotransmitters, is related to concentration, attention, and feelings of reward and pleasure.
Which of the following drug is psychomotor stimulants?
Psychomotor stimulants are drugs that stimulate the central nervous system to increase motor activity and to produce euphoria, excitement, and a feeling of having lots of energy. Unfortunately, some drugs of abuse, like methamphetamine or cocaine, belong to this class of substances.
Is Adderall a psychostimulant?
The two most commonly used psychostimulants in the treatment of ADHD are methylphenidate (MPH; e.g. Ritalin®) and amphetamine (e.g. Adderall®).
What causes stimulant use disorder?
Family history of chemical dependency. Personal or family history of mental health conditions. Personal history of abusing other substances. Being chronically subjected to high levels of stress.
Does caffeine damage your brain?
“Accounting for all possible permutations, we consistently found that higher coffee consumption was significantly associated with reduced brain volume — essentially, drinking more than six cups of coffee a day may be putting you at risk of brain diseases such as dementia and stroke.”
What are the treatment options for psychostimulant addiction?
The mainstay of treatment has been behavioral interventions such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). In this paper, we will discuss advances in pharmacological as well as behavioral treatments for psychostimulant addiction.
What is a psychostimulant?
Psychostimulants, also called stimulants, mainly consist of amphetamines (Dexedrine) and methylphenidates (Ritalin, Concerta, Metadate and Methylin), which are very similar in chemical structure to amphetamines.
Can agonist maintenance be used to treat psychostimulant addiction?
Treatment of psychostimulant addiction has been a major, and not fully met, challenge. For opioid addiction, there is strong evidence for the effectiveness of several medications. For psychostimulants, there is no corresponding form of agonist maintenance that has met criteria for regulatory approval or generally accepted use.
Can psychostimulants improve a child’s academic performance?
Psychiatrists claim that psychostimulants can improve a child’s academic performance by helping him to focus. This is not true. The US National Institutes of Health (NIH) ADHD Consensus Statement found that “there is little improvement in academic achievement or social skills” in children taking stimulants.4 – CHAPTER ONE –