What are the four main theories of juvenile delinquency?
Theories on Juvenile Delinquency
- Anomie Theory. The anomie theory was first written in the 1940s by Robert Merton.
- Subculture Theory. Another theory about juvenile delinquency is the subculture theory.
- Differential Opportunity Theory.
What are the 4 theories of crime?
The study and practice of criminology delves into crime causation and factors that contribute to offender criminality. This means considering four basic theories: Rational Choice, Sociological Positivism, Biological Positivism and Psychological Positivism.
What theory causes juvenile delinquency the most?
One of the most prominent sociological theories is the social disorganization theory developed by Clifford Shaw and Henry McKay (1942), who suggested that juvenile delinquency was caused by the neighborhood in which a person lived.
What are the different theories of crime and delinquency?
This entry focuses on the three major sociological theories of crime and delinquency: strain, social learning, and control theories. It then briefly describes several other important theories of crime, most of which represent elaborations of these three theories.
What are the consequences of learning theory on delinquency?
A behavioral perspective on learning theory would suggest that youth learn to engage in criminal acts through a process of rewards and punishment (Akers 1998). An interaction perspective would suggest that delinquency is learned through exchanges with peers and other close contacts.
Why do juveniles commit crimes?
This is for two reasons. First, the minor will commit crimes so that they can support their habit. The second reason is that the decision-making process in the minor is altered and they may do things that they have not actually thought through.
What are the different theories of punishment?
There are majorly four theories of punishment. These theories are the deterrent theory, retributive theory, preventive theory, and reformative theory.
What are crime theories?
Criminological theories focus on explaining the causes of crime. They explain why some people commit a crime, identify risk factors for committing a crime, and can focus on how and why certain laws are created and enforced.
Which theory do you believe best explains juvenile delinquency?
Anomie Theory Merton’s theory explains that juvenile delinquency occurs because the juveniles do not have the means to make themselves happy. Given their limited perspective, they often find that their goals are unattainable and so they often resort to unlawful means by which to attain their goals.
What are the criticism of social learning theory?
One of the major criticisms of social learning theory pertains to its principal concept that increased associations with deviant peers increases the likelihood that an individual will adopt attitudes and values favourable to criminal conduct through the mechanism of rewards and punishments.