What are the two terms used for a passage through bone?

What are the two terms used for a passage through bone?

Common Terms Used For Features of Bones (and other aspects of anatomy)
Term Description Example
Canal A tubular passage or tunnel in a bone condylar canal of the skull
Fissure A slit through a bone orbital fissures behind the eye
Foramen A hole through a bone, usually round foramen magnum of the skull

What is the general term for a depression in a bone?

A fossa (from the Latin “fossa”, ditch or trench) is a depression or hollow, usually in a bone, such as the hypophyseal fossa, the depression in the sphenoid bone. A meatus is a short canal that opens to another part of the body.

What is a tubelike opening?

meatus. tube-like passage way or opening, passageway or canal for blood vessels and nerves. condyle.

What are the 5 types of bones quizlet?

Terms in this set (5)

  • Long bones. bones found in arms and legs.
  • Flat bones. thins bones found in chest or skull.
  • Irregular bones. weird bones found in skull or vertebra.
  • Sesamoid bones. small flat bones wrapped within tendons.
  • Short bones. bones found in wrist and ankles.

What is a furrow of a bone?

In biological morphology and anatomy, a sulcus (pl. sulci) is a furrow or fissure. It may be a groove in the surface of a limb or an organ, notably in the surface of the brain, but also in the lungs, certain muscles (including the heart), as well as in bones, and elsewhere.

What ligaments are attached to the femur?

The medial collateral ligament (MCL) is on the inner side of your knee. It attaches the thigh bone (femur) to the shin bone (tibia). The lateral collateral ligament (LCL) is on the outer side of your knee. It connects your femur to your calf bone (fibula).

What is a bone cavity called?

medullary cavity: The medullary cavity, also known as the marrow cavity, is the central cavity of bone shafts where red bone marrow and/or yellow bone marrow (adipose tissue) is stored.

What lacks a paranasal sinus?

There are four paranasal sinuses in the head: the frontal, maxillary, sphenoid, and ethmoid sinuses. They function in lightening the skull, and creating mucous for the nasal cavity. The temporal bone does not contain a sinus.

What is a bone crest?

Crest – A raised or prominent part of the edge of a bone. Crests are often the sites where connective tissue attaches muscle to bone. The iliac crest is found on the ilium. Diaphysis – Refers to the main part of the shaft of a long bone. Long bones, including the femur, humerus, and tibia, all have a shaft.

What are long bones?

The long bone category includes the femora, tibiae, and fibulae of the legs; the humeri, radii, and ulnae of the arms; metacarpals and metatarsals of the hands and feet, the phalanges of the fingers and toes, and the clavicles or collar bones. The long bones of the human leg comprise nearly half of adult height.

What is the term Osteon used for?

osteon, the chief structural unit of compact (cortical) bone, consisting of concentric bone layers called lamellae, which surround a long hollow passageway, the Haversian canal (named for Clopton Havers, a 17th-century English physician).

What is osteology?

A subdiscipline of anatomy, anthropology, and paleontology, osteology is the detailed study of the structure of bones, skeletal elements, teeth, microbone morphology, function, disease, pathology, the process of ossification (from cartilaginous molds), and the resistance and hardness of bones (biophysics).

What can you do with an osteology degree?

Osteology. Osteologists frequently work in the public and private sector as consultants for museums, scientists for research laboratories, scientists for medical investigations and/or for companies producing osteological reproductions in an academic context.

What is the importance of Osteology in forensic anthropology?

Examination of human osteology is often used in forensic anthropology, which is usually used to identify age, death, sex, growth, and development of human remains and can be used in a biocultural context.

How has osteology been used to study the Black Death?

Archaeologists and forensic scientists have used osteology to examine the condition of the skeletal remains, to help piece together the reason why the Black Death had such a detrimental effect on the European population. It was discovered that most of the population was in generally poor health to begin with.