What does Irgun stand for?

What does Irgun stand for?

/ ɪrˈgun / PHONETIC RESPELLING. noun. a militant Zionist underground group, active chiefly during the period (1917–48) of British control by mandate of Palestine.

What was the Irgun in Israel?

The Irgun (Hebrew: ארגון; full title: Hebrew: הארגון הצבאי הלאומי בארץ ישראל Hā-ʾIrgun Ha-Tzvaʾī Ha-Leūmī b-Ērētz Yiśrāʾel, lit. “The National Military Organization in the Land of Israel”) was a Zionist paramilitary organization that operated in Mandate Palestine between 1931 and 1948.

What happened to the Irgun?

On April 9, 1947, a group of Irgun commandos raided the Arab village of Dayr Yāsīn (modern Kefar Shaʾul), killing about 100 of its inhabitants. After the creation of Israel in 1948 Irgun’s last units disbanded and took the oath of loyalty to the Israel Defense Forces on September 1, 1948.

What did the Haganah do?

Haganah, (Hebrew: “Defense”), Zionist military organization representing the majority of the Jews in Palestine from 1920 to 1948. Organized to combat the revolts of Palestinian Arabs against the Jewish settlement of Palestine, it early came under the influence of the Histadrut (“General Federation of Labour”).

What was the Biltmore Programme?

The Biltmore Conference, also known by its resolution as the Biltmore Program, was a fundamental departure from traditional Zionist policy with its demand “that Palestine be established as a Jewish Commonwealth.” The meeting was held in New York City at the prestigious Biltmore Hotel from May 9 to May 11, 1942 with 600 …

Who started the Haganah?

Ze’ev Jabotinsky
Eliyahu Golomb

What is the meaning of Likud?

Likud (Hebrew: הַלִּיכּוּד, translit. HaLikud, lit. The Consolidation), officially known as Likud – National Liberal Movement, is the major center-right to right-wing political party in Israel. A secular party, it was founded in 1973 by Menachem Begin and Ariel Sharon in an alliance with several right-wing parties.

How many members are in the Knesset?

The 120 members of the Knesset (MKs) are popularly elected from a single nationwide electoral district to concurrent four-year terms, subject to calls for early elections (which are quite common).

Why was the Haganah formed?

Formed out of previous existing militias, its original purpose was to defend Jewish settlements from Arab attacks, such as the riots of 1920, 1921, 1929 and during the 1936–1939 Arab revolt in Palestine.

What is Irgun Zvai Leumi?

Retrieved 2008-11-18. A bomb thrown by the Jewish terrorist organization Irgun Zvai Leumi from a speeding taxi today killed eleven Arabs and two British policemen and wounded at least thirty-two Arabs by the Jerusalem Damascus Gate, the same place where a similar bombing took place sixteen days ago. ^ “Irgun’s Hand Seen in Alps Rail Blast.

What is the difference between Lehi and Irgun?

The Irgun Zvai Leumi (National Military Organization), a Zionist terror organization under Menachem Begin, and the even more violent Lehi (Lohamei Herut Yisraʾel; Fighters for the Freedom of Israel), or Stern Gang, founded by Avraham Stern in 1940, turned against the British occupation in 1944 despite….

Why did the Irgun fight for a Jewish state?

Irgun’s tactics appealed to many Jews who believed that any action taken in the cause of the creation of a Jewish state was justified, including terrorism. The Irgun was a political predecessor to Israel’s right-wing Herut (or “Freedom”) party, which led to today’s Likud party.

What was the Irgun best known for?

Two of the operations for which the Irgun is best known are the bombing of the King David Hotel in Jerusalem on 22 July 1946 and the Deir Yassin massacre, carried out together with Lehi on 9 April 1948.