What is action research John Elliott?
As John Elliott says, action research is “the study of a social situation with a view to improving the quality of action within it” (Elliott, p. 69).
What are the steps in action research model?
There are seven steps in this model of participatory action research. They are selecting a focus, clarifying theories, identifying research question, collecting data, analyzing data, reporting results, and taking informed action (Sagor, 2000).
What are the four steps of action research?
Action research aims to identify problems and then produce an iterative plan of action with strategies to strive for best practice. There are four basic stages in the cyclical action research process: reflect, plan, act, observe, and then reflect to continue through the cycle (Dickens & Watkins,1999).
What are the characteristics of action research?
Action research is characterised by clear stages, which include:
- A consideration of action (reflection and reconnaissance);
- Implementation of an action for improvement to individual practice;
- The use of data collection on the action;
- A review of the action through consideration of data;
What are the types of action research?
The four main types of action research design are individual research, collaborative research, school-wide research and district-wide research.
What are examples of action research?
Examples of Action Research Topics
- Flexible seating in 4th grade classroom to increase effective collaborative learning.
- Structured homework protocols for increasing student achievement.
- Developing a system of formative feedback for 8th grade writing.
- Using music to stimulate creative writing.
What are the 5 phases of action research?
Following the spirit of action research, this study adopts an iterative process involving five phases to gain understanding of how to enhance e-learning success: diagnosing, action-planning, action-taking, evaluating, and learning (Susman & Evered, 1978).
What is Kurt Lewin action research model?
Action research for Lewin was exemplified by the discussion of problems followed by group decisions on how to proceed. Action research must include the active participation by those who have to carry out the work in the exploration of problems that they identify and anticipate.
What are the two main types of action research?
The first, carried out by a single teacher, is individual teacher research. The second, conducted by a volunteer group working with a university professor and staff development officer, is collaborative action research.
What is the main purpose of action research?
Action research creates knowledge based on enquiries conducted within specific and often practical contexts. As articulated earlier, the purpose of action research is to learn through action that then leads on to personal or professional development.