What is ectoin?

What is ectoin?

Ectoine is a bacteria-derived extremolyte with the ability to protect proteins and biological membranes from damage caused by extreme environmental conditions like heat, UV-light, high osmolarity, or dryness.

What is Ectoine made from?

Ectoine is natural amino acid derivate produced by bacteria living under extreme environment conditions acting as osmoregulatory compatible solute.

Where is ectoin from?

Origin/Source. Ectoin® natural is the self-defense and survival substance of extremophilic microorganisms living in hostile environments such as deserts, salt lakes, arctic ice, the deep sea or hot springs.

What is Extremolyte?

Extremolytes are small organic molecules, which protect cells under extreme, virtually inhabitable conditions. Their exceptional properties can be translated into health-promoting and therapeutic activities, which open an avenue of opportunities for the cosmetic, medical, and food industries.

Is pentylene a glycol?

Pentylene glycol is part of the 1,2-glycol family of ingredients. The 1,2-glycols are characterized by the presence of two hydroxyl or alcohol groups on the first and second attachment points along the carbon chain.

What is hydrogenated lecithin?

Hydrogenated lecithin is a phospholipid that is produced by controlled hydrogenation of the skin-restoring ingredient lecithin. It can be manufactured synthetically or may be derived from animals (egg yolk is a source) or plants.

Is glycol and glycolic the same thing?

Glycolic acid is the ethylene glycol (EG) metabolite that accumulates in the highest concentrations in the blood and may be the major contributing factor to the acute toxicity of EG.

Are all glycol the same?

All glycols are a type of alcohol, and butylene and propylene glycol have a similar molecular shape. Propylene glycol isn’t used in the same way as butylene glycol. It’s more popular as an emulsifier, anti-caking agent, and texturizer in your food.

Is hydrogenated lecithin good for skin?

As an emollient, hydrogenated lecithin has the ability to soften and soothe the skin. Its high concentration of fatty acids creates a protective barrier on the skin that effectively seals moisture in while keeping environmental elements out.

Is hydrogenated lecithin safe for skin?

Based on the available data, Lecithin and Hydrogenated Lecithin are safe as used in rinse-off cosmetic products; they may be safely used in leave-on products at concentrations up to 15%, the highest concentration tested in clinical irritation and sensitization studies; but the safety of use could not be substantiated …

What is glycol in skin care?

Propylene glycol is a small organic alcohol commonly used as a skin conditioning agent. It has been associated with irritant and allergic contact dermatitis as well as contact urticaria in humans; these sensitization effects can be manifested at propylene glycol concentrations as low as 2%.

Is glycol and glycerin the same?

The main difference between propylene glycol and glycerin is that propylene glycol has two –OH groups whereas glycerin has three –OH groups.

What is ectoine and hydroxyectoine?

Ectoine and Hydroxyectoine are Extremolytes isolated from the halophilic bacterium Halomonas elongata. The Ectoines are the best characterized Extremolytes and their ability to stabilize a variety of proteins, nucleic acids, membranes and whole cells is well documented.

What is an ectoin and how does it work?

Ectoines are especially suited for the protection of antibodies and antibody constructs against denaturation at high temperatures, freeze-thaw cycles and degradation. Ectoin protects the DNA of skin cells against damages caused by UV-irradiation

How do hydroxyectoine and ectoine affect the ν (c) band?

The presence of 100 mM ectoine and 100 mM hydroxyectoine slightly shifts the center of the ν (C O) band to a higher frequency around 1735 cm − 1 and 1737 cm − 1, respectively ( Fig. 9 a). A shift of the band center towards a higher wavenumber indicates dehydration, while a shift towards lower wavenumbers indicates hydration.

Do ectoine and hydroxyectoine enhance the function of lung surfactant?

Thus, we could show that ectoine and hydroxyectoine enhance the function of lung surfactant in a simple model system, which might provide an additional rationale to inhalative therapy.