What is power responsivity of photodiode?

What is power responsivity of photodiode?

The responsivity (or radiant sensitivity) of a photodiode or some other kind of photodetector is the ratio of generated photocurrent and incident (or sometimes absorbed) optical power (neglecting noise influences), determined in the linear region of response.

What is the responsivity of a light detector?

Responsivity is defined as the output signal (typically voltage or current) of the detector produced in response to a given incident radiant power falling on the detector.

How is photodiode responsivity measured?

You can measure the responsivity of a silicon photodiode by illuminating the device with a known amount of laser power and then measuring the output voltage developed across a bias resistor. You must first characterize the light sources you will use by measuring the power in the beams.

Does the responsivity of a photodiode vary with operating wavelength?

In practice, the responsivity of a photodiode is relatively insensitive to the change of signal wavelength except for specially designed wavelength-selective photodetectors, thus the linewidth of the tunable laser does not have to be very narrow.

How do you get responsivity?

You need to know the spectral irradiance which is the incident irradiation power per wavelength interval at the different wavelength of the measurement range. Assuming this power is P(lambda) watt/ um , Then you obtain the responsivity by dividing the total current to the total power.

What is fiber optic responsivity?

Responsivity is the ratio of electrical output from the detector to the input optical power. If the output current varies proportionally to the input, this is measured as amps per watt (A/W).

How is responsivity related to wavelength?

It is interesting to note that the responsivity is linearly proportional to the wavelength of the optical signal. With the increase of wavelength, the energy per photon becomes smaller, and each photon is still able to generate a carrier but with a lower energy.

What are the features of UV avalanche photo diodes?

Its features include fast response time, improved SNR, insensitivity to magnetic fields, etc. Ultraviolet avalanche photo diodes offer outstanding sensitivity if operated in Geiger mode. The silicon carbide UV APD shows a high signal gain and extreme sensitivity.

What are the limitations of avalanche diode technology?

That dead time constitutes a substantial limitation of this technology. It limits the count rate to the order of 10 MHz, whereas an avalanche diode in linear mode (i.e., operated with lower reverse voltage) may be operated with a bandwidth of many gigahertz.

What are avalanche photodiodes used for?

Therefore, avalanche photodiodes can be used for very sensitive detectors, which need less electronic signal amplification and are thus less susceptible to electronic noise.

What is a single photon avalanche diode (SPAD)?

Photon-counting APDs are also called SPADs = single-photon avalanche diodes . When optimized for high quantum efficiencies, they can be used in quantum optics experiments (for example, for quantum cryptography) and in some of the applications mentioned above if an extremely high responsivity is required.