What is the difference between aided and unaided AAC?

What is the difference between aided and unaided AAC?

Bottom Line: AAC can involve unaided communication, such as facial expression, body posture, gesture, or sign language, and aided modes (e.g., communication books, tablets). The appropriate mode or modes of communication are determined by the needs of the individual with disabilities and their communication partners.

What is augmentative and alternative communication strategies?

Augmentative and alternative communication is a bundle of strategies to address the needs of individuals with disabilities who struggle with speech-language production, comprehension in spoken and written modes. AAC strategies include many forms of communication that can be used to express needs, ideas and thoughts.

What is the participation model?

The Participation Model (Beukelman & Mirenda, 2013) is the current model of best practice in AAC. This provides an overall framework of considerations associated with enabling people with complex communication needs to communicate as their peers do.

What are the three phases of assessment for AAC based on the participation model?


  • Referral for AAC Assessment.
  • Assessment and Intervention for Today.
  • Detailed Assessment for Tomorrow.
  • Follow-up Assessment.

What are the two main types of AAC systems?

Often we break them into 2 groups: Unaided and Aided AAC.

  • Unaided AAC – or AAC that does not require a physical aid or tool. Facial expressions. Body language. Gestures. Sign language.
  • Aided AAC – or AAC that uses tools or materials. Symbol boards. Choice cards. Communication books. PODD books. Keyboards and alphabet charts.

What is AAC Asha?

About AAC. AAC means all of the ways that someone communicates besides talking. People of all ages can use AAC if they have trouble with speech or language skills. Augmentative means to add to someone’s speech. Alternative means to be used instead of speech.

What is an example of augmentative communication?

Examples include gestures, eye gaze, vocalizations, sign language, and facial expressions (adapted from ASHA [2016a]). Aided AAC Systems: Systems that “require the use of tools or equipment in addition to the user’s body.

What are augmented communication strategies?

Augmentative and alternative communication is a type of communication that combines gestures, eye pointing, vocalisations and pointing to symbols as communication for people with limited speech abilities.

What is the principle of the participation model?

The participation model (Beukelman & Mirenda, 1998, but first proposed in 1988) is a systemic process for implementing AAC through assessment and intervention, based on the functional participation requirements of peers without disabilities who are the same age.

What is the role of specialists in regards to AAC?

General Purpose: An AAC Specialist assists in identifying alternative methods of communication for children with disabilities and supports the Speech and Language Pathologist in implementing strategies to support communication development for children with severe speech impairment.

What are the 2 main barriers to AAC?

In AAC, The Participation Model (Beukelman & Mirenda, 1988) delineates two main barriers to successful implementation. There are opportunity and access barriers.

What are some AAC assessments?

Five AAC-related Assessment Tools You Should Know About

  • AAC Profile: A Continuum of Learning (Kovach, 2009)
  • Checklist of Communication Competencies, Revised (Bloomberg, West, Johnson, & Iacono, 2009)
  • Functional Communication Profile, Revised (Kleiman, 2003)