What is the function of the chromosome quizlet?
Chromosomes are structures made of nucleic acids and protein, are found in the nucleus of most living cells, and carry genetic information in the form of genes. They are important because they are composed of DNA and pass on traits.
What does the word chromosome mean quizlet?
Chromosome. A threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in the nucleus of most living cells, carrying genetic information in the form of genes.
What is the difference between chromosome and chloroplast?
Chloroplasts are present in plastids and are only present in the plant cell that helps for making food to the plants because it contain chlorophyll.. Chromosomes are the structures present in the nucleus of the cell.
Which description best describes the function of chromosomes quizlet?
which of the following best describes the function of chromosomes? enable more efficient packing and transporting of genetic material in mitosis.
What is the definition of chromosome in biology?
(KROH-muh-some) A structure found inside the nucleus of a cell. A chromosome is made up of proteins and DNA organized into genes. Each cell normally contains 23 pairs of chromosomes.
What is chromosome and its function?
Chromosomes are thread-like structures in which DNA is tightly packaged within the nucleus. DNA is coiled around proteins called histones, which provide the structural support. Chromosomes help ensure that DNA is replicated and distributed appropriately during cell division.
What is the structure of a chromosome quizlet?
A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. Each chromosome consists of one very long DNA molecule and histone proteins. A nucleic acid that is responsible for carrying all genetic information. It is made up of monomers(building blocks) called nucleotides.
What is on a chromosome?
Each chromosome is made up of DNA tightly coiled many times around proteins called histones that support its structure. Chromosomes are not visible in the cell’s nucleus—not even under a microscope—when the cell is not dividing.
What are the sections of a chromosome called?
It turns out that chromosome can be divided into three different parts: the centromere, the arm and the telomere. Notice that the chromosome is often depicted as an X-shaped structure with a constriction in the middle.
How do chromosomes control cell processes?
A chromosome consists of genes, which are known to control the genetic expression or traits. These genes are responsible for protein synthesis. It controls the expression of a cell with the help of a biological process like meiosis and mitosis. These cell processes are responsible for cell growth and division.
What is a chromosome simple definition?
What is a chromosome?
What Is A Chromosome? All the gentic information inside a cell. Deoxyribonucleic Acid, a self-replicating material present in nearly all living organisms as the main constituent of chromosomes. Carrier of genetic information. Nice work! You just studied 8 terms!
What does photosynthesis mean in biology?
Biology Photosynthesis definitions. organism that is able to capture energy from sunlight or chemicals and use it to produce its own food from inorganic compounds; also called a primary consumer.
What is deoxyribonucleic acid Quizlet?
Deoxyribonucleic Acid, a self-replicating material present in nearly all living organisms as the main constituent of chromosomes. Carrier of genetic information. Nice work! You just studied 8 terms!
What does photosynthesis produce that is a carbohydrate?
What does photosynthesis produce that is a carbohydrate? In an experiment two potted plants, labeled Plant 1 and Plant 2, are placed in transparent plastic bags and left in the open. Sodium hydrogen carbonate is added to the bag covering Plant 1. This compound decomposes slowly to produce carbon dioxide.