What type of government did ancient Athens have?
Athenian democracy was a direct democracy made up of three important institutions. The first was the ekklesia, or Assembly, the sovereign governing body of Athens.
What caused Athens to lose the Peloponnesian War?
In 430 BC an outbreak of a plague hit Athens. The plague ravaged the densely packed city, and in the long run, was a significant cause of its final defeat. The plague wiped out over 30,000 citizens, sailors and soldiers, including Pericles and his sons. Roughly one-third to two-thirds of the Athenian population died.
What two things were important in Athens?
Athens was the largest and most influential of the Greek city-states. It had many fine buildings and was named after Athena, the goddess of wisdom and warfare. The Athenians invented democracy, a new type of government where every citizen could vote on important issues, such as whether or not to declare war.
Where did Greek slaves come from?
Q: How did people become slaves in ancient Greece? People became slaves in ancient Greece after they were captured in wars. They were then sold to their owners. Other slaves were, by nature, born into slave families.
What role did the Ephors play in the Spartan state quizlet?
Ephors were responsible for the day-to-day government in Sparta, which gave the kings more time to think about War and Fighting. Sparta conquered a neighboring-city and made the Messians, helots. They were to work o the farm, and raise food for Sparta.
What does ephorate mean?
(ĕf′ôr′, -ər) pl. eph·ors or eph·o·ri (-ə-rī′) One of five elected magistrates exercising a supervisory power over the kings of Sparta. [Latin ephorus, from Greek ephoros, from ephorān, to oversee : ep-, epi-, epi- + horān, to see; see wer- in Indo-European roots.]
How did Ephors give the Spartan assembly an important power?
The ephors gave the Spartan assembly an important power because they served as magistrates who overlooked the decisions that the Spartan assembly made. They made sure that these decisions were made accordingly to the constitution or law of the Spartan. So, these ephors were there to have checks and balances.
What was Athens government like?
Why did Athens and Sparta fight?
The reasons for this war are sometimes traced back as far as the democratic reforms of Cleisthenes, which Sparta always opposed. However, the more immediate reason for the war was Athenian control of the Delian League, the vast naval alliance that allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean Sea.
What are two ways that Athens was ruled before democracy?
What are two ways that Athens was ruled before democracy ? They were first ruled by kings and oligarchy of aristocrats.
What was the name of the Spartan council?
What was the most important role of Ephors in ancient Sparta?
The ephors presided over meetings of the council of elders, or gerousia, and assembly, or apella, and were responsible for the execution of their decrees.
How many Ephors did Sparta?