Table of Contents
What was a key difference between the Ottomans and the Safavids?
A key difference between the Ottomans and the Safavids was that the Ottomans were Sunni, and the Safavids were Shia. Both, the Ottoman Empire and the Safavid Empire were superpowers in West Asia and the major empires of its time in the region.
Who defeated the Safavids?
Though Mesopotamia and Eastern Anatolia (Western Armenia) were eventually reconquered by the Safavids under the reign of Shah Abbas the Great (r. 1588–1629), they would be permanently lost to the Ottomans by the 1639 Treaty of Zuhab….Battle of Chaldiran.
|23 August 1514
|Chaldiran, near Khoy, northwestern Iran
What are continuities in history?
History is filled with continuities. Technology changes and cultures change, but human nature remains constant. That said, there are many continuities. This is what people mean when they say ‘history repeats itself.
How did various empires increase their influence from 1450 to 1750?
EQ #1 : How did certain land-based empires develop and expand in the period 1450-1750? Imperial expansion in Europe and Asia resulted from the increased use of gunpowder, cannons, and armed trade to establish large empires. Most of the groups that were conquered were weak or disorganized.
What two things caused tension between the Safavid and Ottoman empires?
The Ottoman and Safavid empires were both muslim, but the Ottoman empire was sunni while the Safavid empire was Shiite. This caused conflict between the two empires along with fighting over territory, considering they bordered each other, so they went into a war called the Battle of Chaldiran.
Did the Ottomans rule Persia?
The Ottomans were ruled by a sultan while the Persians were ruled by a king. The Ottomans were followers of Islam while the Persians believed in Zoroastrianism. While both empires were powerful in their time, the Ottomans ruled for over 600 years but the Persians reigned for just more than 200 years.
Were the Safavids Sunni or Shia?
Like most Iranians the Safavids (1501-1722) were Sunni, although like many outside Shi’ism they venerated Imam Ali (601-661), the first of the 12 Shia imams. Making Shi’ism the state religion served to distinguish Iranians from subjects of the rival Sunni-ruled Ottoman Empire.
Why did the Safavid empire decline so quickly?
Why did the Safavid Empire decline so quickly? Nadir Shah was so cruel that one of his own troops assassinated him. With Nadir Shah’s death in 1747, the Safavid Empire fell apart. A 12 year old boy who conquered all Iran for the Safavids, became a religious tyrant.
How did cross cultural interactions facilitate changes in patterns of trade and travel from 1450-1750 CE?
How did this facilitate changes in patterns of travel and trade from 1450-1750? Cross-cultural interaction resulted in the diffusion of technology because of political interactions and agreements. Countries wanted to be the main exporter of goods in trade.
In what ways did states respond to economic challenges in the 20th century?
How did states respond to the 20th century’s economic challenges? -Directed the national economies and oversaw the development of industry. -Guided the economy to promote economic development. -Encouraged free market economies and economic liberalization.
What is a lateen sail and why was it significant in the 1450-1750 time period?
What is a lateen sail and why was it significant in the 1450-1750 time period? Lateen sail was a triangular sail that allowed ships against the wind. The technological development was significant because of increasing maneuverability. This ship was primarly important because of being at the best sea level.
Which of the following represents a significant change in Africa between 1450 CE and 1750 CE?
Which of the following represents a significant change in Africa between 1450 C.E. and 1750 C.E.? Bantu-speaking people spread iron metallurgy to East and Central Africa. Europeans established settler colonies in East and Central Africa. Most enslaved Africans were transported across the Atlantic instead of the Sahara.
What are the various methods used by land-based empires to collect taxes in this era?
Rulers used tribute collection, tax farming, and innovative tax collecting systems to generate revenue in order to forward state power and expansion. Imperial expansion relied on increased use of gunpowder, cannons, and armed trade to establish large empires.
What caused governments in newly independent states to take a strong role in guiding economic life?
With the onset of the Great Depression, governments began to take a more active role in economic life. Regional trade agreements created regional trading blocs designed to promote the movement of capital and goods across national borders.
Which economic developments from 1450 to 1750 affected social structures over time?
○ SIO: The growth of the plantation economy increased the demand for slaves in the Americas, leading to significant demographic, social, and cultural changes. throughout the period from 1450 to 1750.
Why did the Safavids and Ottomans hate each other?
The Ottomans used trade embargoes consistently against the Safavid Empire as a way to assert dominance over their Eastern rival. Embargoes were also used in 1603, when the rise of Safavid power in the East once again became a worrisome threat, but the embargoes were not as successful as those embraced by Selim I.
Is Mughal Sunni or Shia?
Shiites gradually became the glue that held Persia together and distinguished it from the Ottoman Empire to its west, which was Sunni, and the Mughal Muslims to the east in India, also Sunni.
What were some general external factors that led to the collapse of empires in the 20th century?
The general external factors why do empires fall, it is because of Economic issues, Social and cultural issues, Environmental issues, Political issues. The economy will be affected because of war, natural calamities and sometimes people are the one who causes calamities.
What are the key similarities and differences between the Ottoman and Safavid empires?
The Ottomans were Sunni Muslims. The Safavids were Shiite Muslims. Both empires had religious tolerance and accepted people of other religions. During sometime periods, people of religions other than Islam were taxed but political changes made by different rulers either ignored or abolished these taxes.
How did the world change between 1450 and 1750?
The era between 1450 and 1750 saw the appearance of several land-based empires who built their power on the use of gunpowder: the Ottomans and the Safavids in Southwest Asia , the Mughals in India , the Ming and Qing in China , and the new Russian Empire.
How and why did the Ottoman Empire develop and expand from 1450 to 1750?
Economically, the Ottoman Empire flourished because of its control on the land trade between Europe and Asia. When Sultan Selim I was in control of the Ottoman Empire, he conquered parts of Persia and Egypt. His successor, Suleiman the Magnificient, continued the expansion.
How did the Safavids consolidate power?
Subsequent Safavid leaders continued to fuse Shiism with their political power. They built mosques and appointed prayer leaders in each village to secure Shia beliefs. The Safavids made their empire a safe haven for Shi’a scholars and invited many of them to migrate to their empire.
What led to the decline of the Ottoman Safavid and Mughal empires?
Invasion, economic destitution, and growing European power all played a role in the decline of the final three Muslim Empires.
How did the Mughals consolidate their power?
Yet the Mughals not only expanded their territorial extent by wars and conquests, they also devised administrative measures to consolidate themselves as rulers by winning the loyalty of their subjects.